Reports and Briefings
By Manuel Pastor Jr. and Justin Scoggins
In response to rising in low-wage employment and increasing debate over the issue of "working poverty", this report closely examines the impact that a variety of ways of defining working poverty have on our perception of the size and composition of the working poor in California. By taking advantage of the unusually detailed information that is available in the 1990 and 2000 Public Use Microdata Samples (PUMS), the demographic, geographic, and labor market dimensions of working poverty are compared and contrasted across 18 different definitions, while at the same time providing estimates of the extent, nature, and trajectory of the problem. The result is an uncovering of biases that exist under some of the definitions that have been used to measure working poverty and a recommended "best" definition for the state that is both politically feasible and computationally practical, along with a detailing the characterization of working poverty in California and its regions in 2000 and the rise in working poverty that took place over the 1990s.
By Manuel Pastor, Jr., Rachel Morello-Frosch, and James Sadd
From West Oakland's diesel-choked neighborhoods to San Francisco's traffic-snarled Mission District to the fenceline communitis abutting Richmond's refineries, poor and minority residents of the San Francisco Bay Area get more than their share of exposure to air pollution and environmental hazards.
That's the conclusion of a new report issued by the Center for Justice, Tolerance & Community (CJTC) at the University of California, Santa Cruz. The first published analysis of the overall state of environmental disparity in the nine-county region, the report is entitled, "Still Toxic After All These Years... Air Quality and Environmental Justice in the Bay Area."
Click here to download the report.
The digital divide between immigrants and the native born is widening in the United States, with some immigrant groups less than half as likely to have computer access at home as nonimmigrants, according to a study by researchers at the CJTC.
Only 36 percent of Latino immigrant youth have a computer at home, compared with 77 percent of U.S.-born non-Latino youth, according to the report, "Crossing the Divide: Immigrant Youth and Digital Disparity in California."
Conversation on Regional Equity (CORE)
This document represents the synthesis of perspectives developed during a two-year process aimed at identifying key policy and institutional changes that could help a burgeoning regional equity movement in the country become more effective. Supported by the Ford Foundation and managed by the Center for Justice, Tolerance, and Community at UC Santa Cruz, the initiative brought together a core group of leading 'thinkers and doers' from a range of sectors and perspectives for a series of meetings aimed at distilling key lessons from local and state-level efforts around the country. These meetings included "site visits" to Detroit and Los Angeles in which we met with leading actors from business, labor, the public sector, non-profits, environmental groups, and community-based organization. Covering a variety of issues, including regulations and governance structures, issue framing and media strategies, constituency-building and capacity development, our goal was to outline for the Ford Foundation and the broad regional equity movement a forward looking research, policy, and organizing agenda that can build a stronger movement for metropolitan sustainability. The resulting analysis of these conversations is synthesized in an executive summary report, "Edging Toward Equity: Creating Shared Opportunity in America's Regions." which is available by either clicking on the link in this paragraph or on the cover above.
The executive summary builds on a fuller report of the same title which includes more detail and references to additional reading materials. You can access this by clicking here -- "Edging Toward Equity" (full report) -- or by clicking on the cover to the right.
By Manuel Pastor, Robert D. Bullard, James K. Boyce, Alice Fothergill, Rachel Morello-Frosch and Beverly Wright
With the support of the Russell Sage Foundation, six colleagues from different disciplines and universities, came together to probe environmental inequality and public health disparities in the United States in a new report. The report will shatter any remaining illusions that disaster rescue in the U.S. is an equal opportunity affair, in which all citizens enjoy the same chances for relief.
We offer this document as our own effort to build the inclusion and understandings that will help both communities and leaders recognize the grassroots wisdom and issues that could help us realize the positive impacts from globalization and minimize the negative aspects that have concerned us all. Another world is possible, but it is up to us to build it.
This research report profiles eight organizations who have had success working with an immigrant worker population, generally in the context of broader efforts for community and policy change. The research describes the range of strategies necessary to address and meet the needs of immigrant workers and create viable employment opportunities.
Bringing Globalization Home highlights four community based organizations that are adding their voices to the Globalization debate using popular education tools.
Please also see our internet clearinghouse for more information and resources.
Reading, Writing, and Breathing
This report looks at the distribution of air toxics, respiratory hazard, and school children in the state of California. The report finds evidence of disproportionate exposure and a potential link between such exposure and school-level academic performance, and calls for policy changes that can better situate environmental health concerns within initiatives for school improvement.
Building a Regional Voice for Environmental Justice
Download Building a Regional Voice for Environmental Justice and read about the partnerships exposing the arc of the work in the Environmental Justice Movement. As you will see, the project is an innovative combination of research and organizing that has both firmly documented the case for action to reduce disparities and provided the research basis for organizing for improvements in air quality and siting practices.
Community Based Regionalism's:
Community Building, Community Bridging
A summary document of our research, entitled "Community Building,
Community Bridging: Linking Neighborhood Improvement Initiatives and
the New Regionalism in the San Francisco Bay Area," discusses the
three initiatives and draws general lessons for those interested in
how communities and regions could better work together.
Results, Resilience, and Renewal of the Mayfair Index of Progress
Race and the Digital Divide
The Effects of Home Computers on School Enrollment
Is There a Digital Divide? Ethnic and Racial Differences in Access to Technology and Possible Explanations
Globalizing Society from the Inside Out
Baseline Census Data for East Palo Alto Workforce Development Planning
Baseline Census Data for Mayfair Workforce Development Planning
Baseline Census Data for West Oakland Workforce Development Planning
Measuring Digital Opportunity for America's Children
The Global Digital Divide
Building Natural Assets: New Strategies for Poverty Reduction and Environmental Protection